There are many diseases in children that belong to the category of orthopedic disorders of the limbs. However, the limbs themselves are also very complex areas of the body, with significant structural differences. In accordance with this, diseases differ in the zones and structural elements that they affect.
The “typical” object of orthopedic disorders is the legs.
The hip area is, so to speak, the place where the legs grow. It accounts for a significant part of the loads; in addition, there is an ingenious mechanism for distributing loads between the trunk and limbs.
The most common diseases are:
Dysplasia of the hip joint
This is a congenital joint deficiency caused by its abnormal development, which leads (or has already led) to subluxation or dislocation of the femoral head. Traditionally, they talk about congenital dislocation – but in fact, it is congenital dysplasia, that is, abnormal development of tissues, which results in, in particular, dislocation.
With dysplasia, the ability of the hip joint to carry loads is sharply limited. This imposes restrictions on the types of sports activity. So, children with the consequences of dysplasia are shown to a lesser extent sports associated with running.
Particular care is required during puberty: excessive loads, high running activity can cause slow growth of the pelvic bones, leading to the formation of subsequent dysplasias. If there are minor sprain in ankles it is better to use an ankle sprain wrap for better support.
The cause of this disease of the femur and hip joint is a disturbed blood supply, due to which the nutrition of the articular cartilage is disturbed and necrosis of the cartilage tissue develops.
To the peak state, necrosis develops at the age of four or six, when active sports are not yet “relevant”. However, as the child grows older, sports activities should be approached with caution.
A medical opinion is required on the boundaries of the productive load on the hip joint with an eye to the previous disease. Subsequently (until the completion of growth), regular medical supervision is required: checking the mobility of the joint, radiography. In accordance with the observation results, the sports load should be adjusted.
The disease has another name: Salter-Haris fracture. However, the nature of the fracture is non-traumatic. This is a pathological destruction of the growth epiphyseal cartilage (the hyaline plate adjacent to the bone hinge, which is formed during the growth of the organism, and is subsequently replaced by the epiphyseal line).
In children, epiphyseolis of the hip joint is especially often observed, mainly in boys, and often against the background of obesity. The ailment can be caused by some sports: roller skating (inliners), hiking, football. These activities should be approached with extreme caution.
Damage To The Apo physical Areas In The Pelvous Region And The Adjacent Spine
With this disease, the apophasis suffers the bone process at the articular hinge. Usually, the apophasis is used to attach muscles to bones. During the growth of the body, these formations can be especially sensitive, especially in the iliac bones. The ilium is the largest in the triple system of paired bones that form the pelvic bone. In addition, the ilium articulates the pelvic bone with the spine.
Damage to the apophysis often gives rise to severe pain. The pain is given to the groin or buttocks, which can give rise to false ideas about the affected area and the causes of the disease. The tolerance of sports loads depends on the degree of damage to the epiphyseal structures. Detailed radiological examinations are required to determine the extent of the lesion.