As you know, massage has a beneficial effect on the entire body as a whole. Let’s look at the effect of massage specifically on the athlete’s muscles.
Movement is a complex act of the body’s activity, which is carried out by the motor apparatus. The concept of “motor apparatus” includes skeletal muscles, nerve cells that cause their activity – the so-called motor neurons, as well as skeletal bones, joints, ligaments. Skeletal muscle is made up of fibers (cells).
The muscle contracts under the influence of impulses that are transmitted to it via efferent motor (centrifugal) paths from the central nervous system. The muscle is also innervated by sensory nerves (afferent), the endings of which are proprioceptors.
Excitation of proprioceptors occurs as a result of contraction and stretching of muscle fibers, for example, under the action of kneading or passive movements. Impulses from proprioceptors are transmitted along afferent nerves to the central nervous system and inform it. A motor neuron (motor, efferent nerve), approaching the muscle, branches into many endings – synapses, through which it binds to each muscle fiber.
The massage should be performed on extremely relaxed muscles. A relaxed muscle is soft to the touch and may sag somewhat despite its natural tone. In the contracted state, the muscle is denser, harder.
During the massage, the neuromuscular fibers are stretched, as a result of which the inflow of proprioceptive impulses going to the central nervous system increases, which, in turn, leads to reflex changes in the extramuscular apparatus.
Studying the effect of massage on the indicators of the bioelectric activity of muscles, N.A. Belaya (1956, 1962, 1966) and A.A. Biryukov (1974) found an increase in the reduced amplitude of muscle biopotentials after massage both on the massaged (affected) and non-massaged sides in patients with lumbosacral and cervicothoracic radiculitis. The authors also found a decrease in the manifestations of asymmetries in the indicators on the extremities and an increase after massage of the decreased muscle tone of the extremities.
People who have learnt about what is kush and its advantages also understand the benefit of this on muscles relaxation for better daily functioning and improved relaxed muscles all the time.
Strengthen the nervous system
Many researchers point out the strengthening of the excitatory processes of the nervous system under the influence of massage, especially kneading techniques, emphasizing the importance of massage as a means of restoring functional muscle deficiency, combating fatigue and stimulating gas exchange processes in the body.
THEM. Sarkizov-Serazini, M.I. Leikin (1953) and A.A. Biryukov (1973, 1975, 1988), studying the effect of massage on improving and restoring the performance of tired muscles, came to the conclusion that massage is an active stimulus and maximizes the performance of tired muscles.
Massage in the form of kneading muscles increases the general excitability of the body, reflexively affecting the improvement of the functional state of the brain centers. The stronger and more extensive the muscular apparatus exposed to the massage, the more proprioceptors are embedded in it, the stronger the afferent impulses, which are capable of producing more intense shifts in the central nervous system.
In order to restore the working capacity of tired muscles, it is advisable to massage not only the muscles that are tired during the work, but also the muscles that did not directly participate in the expenditure of physical strength. This is important for a specialist in both sports and therapeutic massage to know. This principle is used to build the technique of a suction massage session in the first days of injury or after surgery.